Analysis

Synopsis:

 House Bill 102 (HB 102) enacts the Violence Intervention Program Act, the Violence Intervention Program Fund, the Firearm Injury and Death Review Committee, and appropriates $10,000,000 to the Fund.  

Analysis:

 House Bill 102 (HB 102) enacts the Violence Intervention Program Act (Act).  Under the Act is created the Violence Intervention Program Fund (Fund) which is administered by the Department of Health (DOH).  The DOH is to award Violence Intervention Program Grants (Grants) to municipalities/tribal governments that are disproportionately impacted by violent crimes.  The bill requires that a “violence intervention program” must use a public health approach to reduce gun violence and aggravated assault, focus on deterrence, problem-oriented policing, target populations that are high-risk for gun violence or aggravated assault, use data-driven methods, and use funding in a way that is directly related to the reduction of gun violence and aggravated assaults.  The bill requires the New Mexico Sentencing Commission (Sentencing Commission) to provide municipalities/tribal governments with data relevant to grant applications.  
Starting July 1, 2021, DOH must start receiving and reviewing Grant applications.  DOH can make Grants to municipalities or tribal governments that DOH believes are disproportionately impacted by violent crimes (such as homicides, shootings and aggravated assaults).  DOH is required to award grants to at least two municipalities/tribal governments with a population of at least 50,000 and at least 20% of the total amount of the Fund must be awarded to municipalities with a population of at least 540,000.  
HB 102 provides information that must be included in an application for a Grant, such as a clear objective to improve public health through violence reduction interventions and a strategic plan.  At least 50% of each grant must be fore the purpose of entering into contracts with community-based organizations.  A grant may be awarded to a county or municipality, but not to both a county and a municipality in the county.  The bill requires the DOH to adopt rules to administer the Act, and requires Grantees to yearly report to the DOH and the Sentencing Commission regarding the outcomes of the Grant.  
HB 102 creates the Firearm Injury and Death Review Committee (Committee) consisting of eight members appointed by the DOH.  This Committee is required to collect data and provide reports on risk reduction and prevention strategies to prevent deaths and injuries caused by firearms.  The Committee is composed of representatives of the DOH, legislature, public education, courts, nurses’ association, medical society, a law enforcement officer, and a school resource officer.  
Finally, the bill appropriates $10,000,000 from the General Fund to the Fund for use in 2022 and subsequent years.  Unused funds at the end of a year do not revert to the General Fund. 

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