Analysis

Synopsis:

 House Bill 93 (HB 93) amends and adds to Public Schools to limit the use of suspension or expulsion as a disciplinary method.

Analysis:

 House Bill 93 (HB 93) amends and adds to Public Schools to limit the use of suspension or expulsion as a disciplinary method. The changes are as follows:

SECTION 1. Amends Public Schools Section 22-5-4.3 NMSA 1978 (being Laws 1986, Chapter 33, Section 9, as amended). The title of the Public Schools Section 22-6-4.3 is changed to include “rules of conduct, disciplinary sanctions, limits on suspension and expulsion, and allow students to self-administer certain medications. The new title reads as follows:
22-5-4.3. SCHOOL DISCIPLINE POLICIES--RULES OF CONDUCT-- DISCIPLINARY SANCTIONS--SUSPENSION AND EXPULSION LIMITED-- STUDENTS MAY SELF-ADMINISTER CERTAIN MEDICATIONS.

Subsection B inserts text to require every local school board and every governing body of a charter school shall in include in the disciplinary sanctions that suspending or expelling a student from school shall be used only as a last resort and follow a process that accounts for specified student circumstances. 
The inserted text is:
Every local school board and every governing body of a charter school shall provide in its disciplinary sanctions that suspending or expelling a student from school shall be used only following the exhaustion of interventions, including restorative justice practices, and only as a last resort following a process that accounts for circumstances such as student homelessness, foster care placement or other adverse childhood experiences and determines that suspension or expulsion is the only safe response. 

Subsection C makes a grammatical change from “each” board or governing body to “every” board or governing body. 

Section 1 is then relettered from Subsection C.

HB 93 inserts a definition of “other adverse childhood experiences” and details potentially traumatic events to be considered. 

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